Indoor cultivation is a way of cultivating throughout the year. It is a method suitable especially for people who do not have their own garden, but also for those who want to grow plants regardless of climatic conditions and seasons.
You can grow plants hydroponically, aeroponically, in soil or coconut fibers.
Before you start, you need to think about what and how much you want to grow. The choice of equipment will depend on this. Although it involves an initial investment, it pays not to save on equipment and to buy quality products. The joy of the first harvest is definitely worth it.
So what to get ideally for indoor cultivation?
- Space for growing – you can do it even in the living room and preferably with the help of growing tents.
- The right lighting, which you achieve with LED growing lights.
- Air-handling system for proper air circulation.
- Quality substrate, fertilizer and nutritional supplements for plants.
Indoor cultivation in coconut substrate
If you are looking for a versatile growing medium, read the basic information about growing in a coconut substrate, which will ensure healthy and strong roots for your plants.
Coconut substrate, also known as coconut air, is a universal growing medium that is suitable for many growing methods. It is recycled natural fiber from coconut pods, grown mainly in Sri Lanka or India. These fibers used to be considered waste, today they are a sought-after commodity. The coconut fibers are repeatedly cleaned and sieved, sterilized and subjected to a buffering process (pH stabilization).
Advantages of growing in coconut
Coconut is a suitable growing medium for beginners and advanced growers.
The main advantages of growing in a coconut substrate:
- Supports root system development.
- It is environmentally friendly. It is basically a waste material that is further recovered. In the end, it decomposes easily in nature or compost.
- It can be reused. After harvesting, it is enough to remove the remnants of plant roots and rinse it with water with enzymes. With proper cleaning, the substrate can be used up to three times in a row.
- Maintains high airiness – the coconut substrate retains oxygen, which benefits the root system.
- It retains water so that the plants always have enough moisture, it releases the excess water.
- It is an ideal environment for beneficial microorganisms.
- The coconut substrate can maintain a stable pH value. The natural pH of the substrate is neutral, so you can adjust the pH as needed.
- Coconut fibers contain phosphorus, potassium and natural cellulose.
- Coconut is less likely to develop root rot or other root infestations than other substrates.
- It can be mixed with other growing media.
- Suitable for manual and automatic irrigation.
- Working with coconut is cleaner than working with soil
Quality coconut substrates are usually enriched with perlite, thanks to which there is even better aeration.
Trichoderma fungus may also often be present in the substrate. This is a beneficial mold that does not like other fungi. Trichoderma clings to the roots and capillaries, which protect against unwanted molds.
If you have opted for indoor plant growing, the first weapon of your equipment should be a growing tent, often also referred to as a grow box. It is a facility in which you can grow plants almost anywhere – even in the living room, regardless of climatic conditions and season.
Growing tents are used for growing with the help of hydroponics, soil, coconut fibers or aeroponics. By pairing with LED or HID growing lights, you can easily create the perfect climate for a variety of plants and give them absolutely ideal conditions – from temperature, humidity to the lighting plan.